,

This Shiva Temple is one of the Holiest Temples in the World

A landlocked former Hindu nation between India and China, Nepal has been a perfect amalgamation of natures’ most beautiful places and a rich history and architecture of its temples.

One of such iconic temples is the Pashupatinath temple. Pashupati literally means Lord of the animals and is dedicated to Lord Shiva.

History of Pashupatinath Temple:

Pashupatinath Temple
Photo by Enbeeone3

Story of Pashupatinath

It is believed that once Lord Shiva became tired of his old palace Kailashnath atop of The Himalayas moved to Mrigasthali, the forest on the opposite bank of the Bagmati River. Lord Shiva was amazed by the beauty of the site.To remain hidden amongst the Gods he tried to allude them as a deer. Despite pleas from the Gods Shiva used to return and hence the Gods decided to use force to get him back to Kailashnath. It is said that Lord Vishnu grabbed Lord Shiva(Deer) by his horns and shattered the horns into pieces.

Mrigasthali - Deers - Pashipatinath
Photo by Bikram Pratap Singh on 500px.com

Lord Vishnu then established a lingam on the banks of Bagmati river with the shattered pieces horn. As time passed temple was buried and forgotten.Later a cow is said to have noticed the Lingam and sprinkled her milk in the buried lingam. When the cow herders dug the spot where the cow sprinkled milk, they found the lost lingam and built the temple which is known as Pashupatinath temple.

The earliest evidence of the temple’s existence dates back to 400 A.D. The current main temple of Pashupatinath complex was built at the end of the 17th century to replace the previous one, destroyed by termites. Pashupati was a tutelary deity of the ancient rulers of the Kathmandu Valley; in 605 AD, King Amshuvarma considered himself favored by his touching of the god’s feet.

Location of Pashupatinath Temple

The temple is located on the banks of the Bagmati River in Deopatan, Kathmandu. The temple is barred to non-Hindus, but a good view of the temple can be had from the opposite bank of the river.

Click here for Virtual Tour of Pashupatinath Temple – 360 Degree Photos


Pashipatinath Temple and Bagmati River
Photo by Enbeeone3

Architecture of Pashupatinath Temple

It is a square, two-tiered pagoda temple built on a single-tier plinth, and it stands 23.6 meters above the ground with richly ornamented gilt and silver-plated doors. Located on the Western bank of Bagmati, it is considered a masterpiece of Hindu architecture.

हर हर महादेव ! #hinduism #lordshiva #pashupatinath #kathmandu #temple #hdr #instanepal

A post shared by Nirajan Bom Malla (@enbeeone3) on

The two-storied roof is made from copper and is covered with gold. This richly decorated temple with wooden sculptures is believed to make wishes come true. One of the most astonishing decorations of the temple is the huge golden statue of Nandi – Shiva’s bull.

Golden Nandi at Pashupatinath Temple
Image Source – road2help.org

The struts under the roofs, dating from the late 17th century, are decorated with wood carvings of  Parvati, Ganesh, Kumar or the Yoginis, as well as Hanuman, Rama, Sita, Lakshman and other gods and goddesses from the Ramayana

The complex comprises of many temples. South of the temple, is Chadeshvar, an inscribed Licchhavi linga from the 7th century, and north of the temple is a 9th-century temple of Brahma. On the south side of Pashupatinath temple is the Dharmashila, a stone where sacred oaths are taken, and pillars with statues of various Shah kings.

In the northeast corner of the temple courtyard is the small pagoda temple of Vasuki, the King of the Nagas. According to the locals, Vasuki took up residence here in order to protect Pashupati. One can often see devotees circumambulating and worshipping Vasuki before entering the main sanctum.

The Bagmati River, which runs next to Pashaputinath Temple, has highly sacred properties. Thus the banks are lined with many ghats (bathing spots) for use by the pilgrim.

Arya Ghat, dating from the early 1900s, is of special importance. Built along the right bank of Bagmati numerous platforms for funeral pyres are built. The cremations on these platforms are a common activity

Aryaghat - Pashupatinath Temple
Photo by Enbeeone3

The western bank of Bagmati also hosts the so-called Panch Deval (Five temples) complex, which once was a holy shrine but now serves a shelter for destitute old people.

Across the Bagmati River are 15 votive shrines, the Pandra Shivalaya, which were built to enshrine lingams in memory of deceased persons between 1859 and 1869.

Pashupatinath
Photo by Julien Texier on 500px.com

Pilgrimage

Pashupatinath temple is the most important temple dedicated to god Shiva. Every year this temple attracts thousands of elderly followers of Hinduism. The crowd can be seen all through the year but especially during Shivaratri, Nepali festival Teej and holds special importance in the Hindu month of Shrawan.

Bagmati - Pashupati Nath
Photo by Rob Langlois on 500px.com

Pilgrims arrive here to find shelter for the last several weeks of their lives, to meet death and to be cremated on the banks of the river and travel their last journey with the waters of the sacred river Bagmati, which later meets the holy river the Ganges.

Pashipatinath Temple area
Photo by Daniel Cheong on 500px.com

It is believed that those who die in Pashupatinath Temple are reborn as a human, regardless of any misconduct that could worsen their karma.

Monkeys in Pashupatinath
Photo by Ertan Tiryaki on 500px.com

As far as Shiva is considered the patron of animals and all living organisms, monkeys and deer are wandering all around the temple complex on both banks of Bagmati. Monkeys are very often unfriendly.

Sadhus are another common sightings in Pashupati. The yogis, who are allegedly trying to acquire liberation from the cycle of death and rebirth by meditating are often camera friendly.

Sadhu at Pashupatinath
Photo by Jkboy Jatenipat on 500px.com

Source: Scared destinationspashupatinathtemple.org

If you want to visit Pashupatinath Temple, please let us know, we can help you find best deals

What do you think?

120 points
Upvote Downvote

Total votes: 32

Upvotes: 25

Upvotes percentage: 78.125000%

Downvotes: 7

Downvotes percentage: 21.875000%

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *