Here are the Gods worshiped through the week in Sanathana Dharma
Surya Deva, The Lord of fame and the chief of the Navagraha is worshiped on Sunday.
Besides offering water to the sun, and chanting the Gayatri Mantra on Sunday morning, some undertake fast (upvaas) on the day and take a single meal. Oil and salt are avoided. Red is the color of the day and red flowers are offered to Surya.
The mantra for Surya Deva
- Om Namo Narayananaya, Jayadu Jayadu Suryam, Sapta Lokaika Deepam, Kirana Samita Paapam, Klesha Dukhasya Naasham…Bhaskaram Twam Namami…
- Om Bhaskarya Vidhmahe Mahadyutikarya Dheemahi Tanno Aditya Prachodayat
- Om Sapta Turangay Vidmahe Sahasra Kirnaye Dhimahi Tanno Ravi Prachodayyat
Lord Shiva or Mahadeva is easily pleased and gives in to the wishes of his devotees, many people observe Upvaas on Monday.Those devotees observing fast only eat food once. People visit Lord Shiva shrines and conduct pujas, especially, Ardhanarishwara puja. Siva devotees also read Shiva Purana. Unmarried women observe the Vrat to get a good husband. Others observe it for a happy and prosperous family life.
The mantra for Lord Shiva
The mantra for Shiva is simply “Om Namah Shivaya”. Another famous Shiva mantra is the Maha Mrityunjaya Mantra.
त्र्यम्बकं यजामहे सुगन्धिं पुष्टिवर्धनम्
उर्वारुकमिव बन्धनान्मृत्योर्मुक्षीय माऽमृतात्
tryambakaṃ yajāmahe sugandhiṃ puṣṭivardhanam
urvārukamiva bandhanānmṛtyormukṣīya mā’mṛtāt
Tuesday is dedicated to Lord Ganesha, Durga, Goddess Kali and Lord Hanuman.
The day is also dedicated to Mangal or Mars. Mangalwar, Tuesday, takes its name from the god Mangal or Mars who rules the day and is considered to be a troublemaker, and the fast is to ward off the harmful effects. Red is the preferred color on the day. For example, in South India, the day is dedicated to Skanda or Muruga or Kartikeya (Kartik). People who believe in astrology observe fast to alleviate the harmful effects associated with the planet Mangal or Mars.
The 40-stanza Hanuman Chalisa is the prayer for Hanuman; it encapsulates all the virtues that Hanuman stands for. When it comes to Ganesha, there are many prayers like Vakratunda Mahakaya and Om Gam Ganapataye Namah.
Wednesdays are dedicated to Lord Krishna and the planet Budh or Mercury. Keeping a fast on is believed to help in leading a peaceful family life. The fasting is observed mainly by husband and wife together. The green color is considered highly auspicious on the day.
In Astrology, Mercury is considered to be compassionate and generous. In some regions, people start new ventures on Wednesday as Mercury or Budh is considered to help new business ventures. Educational activities begin on Wednesday in some places.
Wednesday or Budh Var is dedicated to Krishna, and his favorite tulsi leaves are offered and bhajans like Hare Krishna, Hare Krishna, Krishna Krishna, Hare Hare, are sung.” There goes a saying in the North – “Budh sab kaam shubh” – meaning, it’s the perfect day to start anything.
Thursday, which is Brihaspatiwar or Vrihaspativar, is dedicated to Vishnu and Brihaspati, the Guru of Devas.
Almost all stories suggest that those who perform pujas and Vrats on Thursdays will be blessed with wealth and happy life. In some stories, Lord Vishnu appears in the guise of a Sadhu to test the devotees on Thursdays. Those devotees fasting on the day wears the yellow colored dress and offers yellow colored fruits and flowers to Vishnu and Brihaspati. Food is only consumed once and includes Chana Dal (Bengal Gram) and ghee. Basically, yellow colored food is eaten on the day.
Friday is dedicated to Shakti and her multitudes of incarnations; these included Durga and Kali. Worship of Shakti – Durga, Kali and other forms – on Friday is considered highly auspicious. White colored food like kheer or milk is the most preferred. Fast is kept for various reasons which include removal of obstacles, for a child, happy family life etc. In northern India, One of the most important Vrat or Upvaas (fast) on the day is dedicated to Santhoshi Mata (many believe as an incarnation of Shakti).
Shukra is the celestial deity of Venus and rules this day. Shukra is known to provide joy and material wealth. The period of Shukra in one’s astrological chart is considered to be most productive and luckily period.
Shani Deva is dreaded by Hindus, especially by those who believe in astrology. Many people observe an Upvaas or fast – Shanivar Vrat – to avoid the adversities and misfortunes on Shanivar or Saturday. It is believed that those who have the blessing of Lord Hanuman are protected from the wrath of Shani. Therefore many people make it a point to worship Hanuman at home or in temples. Black is the preferred color on Saturday.
It is believed that those who have the blessing of Lord Hanuman are protected from the wrath of Shani Deva. Therefore many people make it a point to worship Hanuman at home or in temples. Black is the preferred color on Saturday.
Devotees who are observing Shanivar Vrat usually visit Shani shrines. Black colored items like sesame oil, black clothes, and black gram whole are offered to Shani. Some worship the Peepal Tree and tie the thread around its bark. Black colored items like sesame oil and black clothes are also donated on the day.