In Hinduism and particularly the Bhagavad Gita we come across the Three Gunas or Qualities which control everything in this phenomenal world. These qualities are Sattva, Rajas and Tamas. Sattva Guna is considered the highest quality, and to be in this mode constantly is very conducive to living a life of peace, harmony and happiness. It is in this quality that the consciousness is most refined wherein one is able to see things as they are without the disturbances of the mind.
When one is situated in the mode of Sattva (or Goodness), one is in a state of stability and ease. It is a state of non-struggle, and is helpful for attaining higher meditative consciousness which leads towards self-awareness and awakening. Rising up early, leading a disciplined life, eating vegetarian food are all in the mode of Sattva. In the Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 14, verse 6, we see –
tatra sattvaṁ nirmalatvāt
O sinless one, the mode of goodness, being purer than the others, is illuminating, and it frees one from all sinful reactions. Those situated in that mode become conditioned by a sense of happiness and knowledge.
This verse perfectly describes the quality of Sattva. Sattva Guna is a state of balance and equanimity. Being situated in Sattva Guna brings nobility and contentment in life. One is free from fear, violence, lust and greed. A person in Sattva Guna is full of wisdom and has risen above the dualities of likes and dislikes.
How do we increase this Saatva within us? It is recommended to follow a Yogic lifestyle which comprises firstly of eating healthy and nutritious food which is vegetarian. The food should be hygienically prepared. One must keep the mind, body and surroundings clean while preparing and eating. Practicing awareness of our thoughts is very helpful. Watching negative thoughts come and go without clinging on to them is the Yogic way.
Also, one must be conscious of the company one keeps, as it affects the mood and behaviour. Being around with peaceful, creative and saintly people is recommended, instead of those who drain one’s energy. Waking up early, being with nature and meditation are some of the other ways in which we can increase our Sattva.